[4] However, whether or not it was used for psychoactive purposes during this time has not been documented. The Egyptian Cabinet approved new amendments to a drug law in light of a surge in the use of new kinds of drugs. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. 2 of the year 2018 was issued on 11th of January 2018 and its Executive Regulations, Patents and trademarks in Egypt a comprehensive legal overview.

Hallucinogens include LSD (acid, microdot), mescaline and peyote (mexc, buttons, cactus), amphetamine variants (PMA, STP, DOB), phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust, hog), phencyclidine analogues (PCE, PCPy, TCP), and others (psilocybin, psilocyn). 1, of the Law No. Efforts to rehabilitate addicts are ongoing, with the government helping to establish the Center for the Treatment of Addiction. They have more harmful effects than hashish, and their effects are both psychological and physical, Abdel-Ghani said. fH R8XD2%!Tll0,U "" R4nrlr =$N>dV+20][7 &7 endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 276 0 obj <>stream Are clinical trials required to be conducted locally as a condition (stated or implicit) for marketing approval? It is for sure essential, but there are other ways to reduce drug addiction like media campaigns, including ads, TV series and movies., Top Egypt stories in your inbox each week. Narconon, a worldwide rehabilitation organization, claims only between 600,000 and 800,000 people were addicted to drugs in 2007. [4] Cannabis has been utilized in Egypt for hashish production for at least the last "eight or nine centuries". Wali said in February the hotlines in 12 different counties helped 104,000 addicts benefit from treatment and rehabilitation services over the last year a 20 percent improvement from 2016. For more info, Marketing, Manufacturing, Packaging and Labeling, Cannabinoid Drugs, Medicinal Cannabis and Opioid Drugs, The Pharma Legal Handbook: Egypt, available to purchase here, Preclinical & Clinical Trial Requirements. Are biosimilar medicines considered the same as generic medicines in your country? Al-Monitor.com is a trusted and award-winning independent source of Middle East news and analysis, founded in 2012. 0000000016 00000 n [16], "Egypt's Pot Problem? Semisynthetic narcotics include heroin (horse, smack), and hydromorphone (Dilaudid). Some of the Governmental entities and recognized scientific institutes. Wed like to set additional cookies to understand how you use GOV.UK, remember your settings and improve government services. They say it would both reduce the drug problem and benefit the economy. 0000008366 00000 n 66 30 The highest concentration of drug users are in Cairo and Giza, accounting for over 52 percent, said Egypts Ministry of Social Solidarity, an unsurprising statistic considering these areas are home to some of the biggest slums on the world. Person convicted of stealing or concealing stolen items, dishonesty, monument, giving a check without credit, falsifying or using forged papers, perjury or indecent assault, corrupting morals, homelessness or suspicion, as well as the convict for attempting to provide for one of these crimes. Quaaludes is the North American slang term for methaqualone, a pharmaceutical depressant. Possession, use or trafficking in illegal drugs is a serious offence and can, even for small amounts, lead to lengthy prison sentences (25 years), life imprisonment or the death penalty. The flying of a rainbow flag at a concert in September 2017 led to the arrest of at least 66 individuals on debauchery charges. According to Table No. So, most cases ended with the registering of these drugs at police stationsas herbs or cosmetics [and the suspects' being released]. Egypt fights a losing battle against drugs, Australians urged to work from home as winter omicron wave swamps hospitals, Authorities in south China apologize over COVID-19 break-ins, Shanghai enforces new COVID-19 testing, some areas in China extend lockdown, North Korea says it is nearing end of COVID-19 crisis as Asian neighbors fight resurgence, Air Force official expects Iran to resume attacks on US, Saudi Airlines wind down Hajjis free luggage first service, Saudi Arabia condemns attack in Iraqs Dohuk province, Egypt In-Focus Cairos hotel sectors occupancy rate almost doubles in Q2; Cabinet gives green light to military IPOs, Much ado about nothing? In Egypt, Biosimilars are considered different from Generic Medicines but similar to biological products, where the Biosimilar definition according to the Guidelines for Registration of biosimilar products, The key facts about the localization in Egypt. xb``` info@pharmaboardroom.com, For media inquiries, please contact: The pharmaceutical regulatory body in Egypt is the Egyptian Drug Authority (EDA) operating and working under supervision of the Ministry of, Cannabinoid drugs, medicinal cannabis and opioid drugs in Singaporean Pharma, Cannabinoid drugs, medicinal cannabis and opioid drugs in Czech Republic, Cannabinoid drugs, medicinal cannabis and opioid drugs in Spain , All legal aspects surrounding cannabinoid drugs, medicinal cannabis and opioid, +44 2078673717 Those sentenced to life imprisonment on drugs charges will normally spend the rest of their life in prison with no possibility of parole or pardon. You can change your cookie settings at any time. To help us improve GOV.UK, wed like to know more about your visit today. [citation needed] Despite this, enforcement of the law is lax in many parts of Egypt, where cannabis is often consumed openly in local cafes. Dealers in hashish and marijuana face25 years in prison. [4] During this time, cannabis was used for making rope and it was also cultivated for use as a drug. Narcotics are drugs that relieve pain, often induce sleep, and refer to opium, opium derivatives, and synthetic substitutes.

0000003789 00000 n A report by her department last year found nearly 8 percent of high school students abused drugs. We also use cookies set by other sites to help us deliver content from their services. 0000004012 00000 n There are also very strict laws against drugs which vary from drug to drug. Egyptian family law is very different from UK law and particular caution is needed when, for example, child custody becomes an issue. Source: CIA World Factbook - This page was last updated on Saturday, September 18, 2021. No, but the Comprehensive Health Insurance Scheme Law No. The length is at the discretion of the judge, and there are no real set times. %PDF-1.5 % The import, production or use of unmanned aircraft systems (drones) is banned in Egypt unless you have prior authorisation from the Egyptian Ministry of Defence. The competent minister may determine the quantities, which cannot be exceeded in disbursing for each patient per month. Article 3 of the said Law, these drugs may not be brought or exported except under a written license from the competent administrative authority. [10], Cannabis is grown throughout the year in the Sinai Peninsula and in Upper Egypt. Moreover, it is mentioned in Articles 5 and 6 that the narcotic substances, which reach to the customs, shall not be delivered except by written permission to withdraw given by the competent administrative party to the licensee to bring or to the one who replaces him in his work. 182 of the year 1960 concerning combating drugs and regulating their use and trafficking. The law provides that anyonecaught in possession of synthetic drugs for the purpose of commerce shall be sentenced to life and fined noless than 100,000 Egyptian pounds ($5,682) and nomore than 500,000 pounds ($28,410). [8] Upon the end of the occupation in 1801, French troops brought supplies of hashish with them back to France. media@pharmaboardroom.com, Address: Prepared in association with Youssry Saleh Law Firm, a leading global law firm, this is an extract from The Pharma Legal Handbook: Egypt, available to purchase here for GBP 75. Tramadol has become increasingly popular among both wealthy and poor Egyptians. The government does not interfere with the practice of Christianity but encouraging conversion to the Christian faith is illegal. 0000003277 00000 n 182 for year 1960, the medicinal products based on cannabis extract or tincture that are for the outside use only. inhale bubbler divided pyrex vicks Prepared in association with Youssry Saleh Law Firm, a leading global law firm, this is an extract from The Pharma Legal Handbook: Egypt, available to purchase here for GBP 75. Dont worry we wont send you spam or share your email address with anyone. 0000006961 00000 n Directors of pharmacies and pharmaceutical factories; The directors of pharmacies of hospitals, clinics and dispensaries if they are pharmacists. [15] A 1925 report noted that hashish that is "mixed with sugar and cooked with butter and flavoring, is made into the candy known in Egypt as manzul, maagun, and garawish". 68 0 obj<>stream Public displays of affection are frowned upon. 182 of the year 1960, the medicinal products based on cannabis extract or tincture that are for the outside use only have market approvals. Heroin is a semisynthetic derivative of morphine. Public expressions of homosexuality and/or public displays of affection between same-sex couples are likely to attract a high degree of unwelcome attention. effects chandelier woolworth weed bong types vaporizer heating changes [12], In 1800, French troops in Egypt noted that the Muslim locals both smoked the "seeds" of the hemp plant, as well as making a beverage from hemp. The competent minister shall issue a decision by the data and conditions needed to be provided in editing the medical tickets which disbursed by it the narcotic substances from the pharmacies with the exception of the pharmacies of the hospitals and clinics and dispensaries and the tickets which disbursed from the books stamped by the stamp of the competent administrative party delivered with the prices which determined by that party and its price shall not exceed two hundred penny for the single book, and the competent minister may determine the quantities which cannot exceed disbursing it for each patient per month. 425 of the year, All legal aspects surrounding orphan drugs & rare diseases in Egypt. Prepared in association with Youssry Saleh Law Firm, a leading global law firm, this is an extract from The Pharma Legal Handbook: Egypt, available to purchase here for GBP 75. GIZA: Everyone does it, admitted Sherif, a 20-year-old university student based in the upscale neighborhood of Sheikh Zayed City in Giza, Egypt. A youth rolls a cigarette containing the synthetic drug Strox, Cairo, Oct. 14, 2018. 1. Are there any rules or regulations requiring and/or encouraging localization in your country? The most commonly abused drug is the prescription-only painkiller tramadol sometimes used as a cheap alternative to heroin. The percentage of people in Egypt that are under 35 make up around 40 percent of the population. More than half used tramadol, 26 percent used heroin and 23.3 percent cannabis, according to the study. No, Cannabinoid Drugs are not authorized in Egypt, however, they are regulated by Law No. 0000003243 00000 n This age group, which is characterized by impulsiveness and a willingness to try anything new, tends to use synthetic drugs because they allow them to have a different experienceand fulfill their desirefor distinctionamong their peers, Othman told Al-Monitor. As per Article 8, it is not permitted to trade in narcotic drugs except in stores or warehouses in the cities of the governorates, the capitals of the districts and the rules of the regions and centres therein, except the governorates and the border centres. 0000000896 00000 n Larger quantities however can be perceived as dealing, and lead to 25 years behind bars. Person convicted of one of the misdemeanours stipulated in this Law. Cannabis in Egypt is illegal, but its used undercover and not publicly. Yes, the legal framework of localization is regulated through Ministerial Decree No.

Egypt has for decades acknowledgedthe problem of drug addiction, but in recent months there has been a focus on locallymanufactured cheap drugs, particularly the synthetic drugs calledStroxand Voodoo, which havereportedly caused several deaths among young people. In such places, the conditions stipulated by a decision of the competent minister shall be met. Those efforts have already seen results. There are other institutions or ministry-affiliated public facilities follow MOHP regulations but have their own budget and autonomy. This includes the Suez Canal. The authorization process of marketing new drugs and any medicinal products are as follows:, Preclinical and clinical trial requirements in Egypt an overview. Factbook > Countries > Egypt > Transnational Issues, Illicit drugs: transit point for cannabis, heroin, and opium moving to Europe, Israel, and North Africa; transit stop for Nigerian drug couriers; concern as money laundering site due to lax enforcement of financial regulations. Prepared in association with Youssry Saleh Law Firm, a leading global law firm, this is an extract from The Pharma Legal Handbook: Egypt, available to purchase here for GBP 75. 1. Marijuana is the dried leaf of the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). With regards the authorization for manufacturing: It shall not be permissible in the pharmaceutical industry to make preparations containing narcotic drugs, except after obtaining the license provided for in Article 7 mentioned above. Cocaine is a stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca bush. No, Opioid Drugs are not authorized in Egypt, however, they are regulated by Law No. [8] Subsequently, beverages containing hashish were banned in Egyptian cafes; cafes that sold them were shut down and "boarded up", and their proprietors were jailed. [11] The trade is largely focused in Sinai, and the area has been the main target of eradication efforts, with 7 million cannabis plants (along with 10.3 million opium plants) eradicated there in 1994. Prepared in association with Youssry Saleh Law Firm, a leading global law firm, this is an extract from The Pharma Legal Handbook: Egypt, available to purchase here for GBP 75. A normal person can only take four tokes from a Strox joint, said a middle-aged drug userwho requested anonymity. Opium is extracted from poppy straw in commercial operations that produce the drug for medical use. Last year, 8 percent of the beneficiaries of the hotline were female, compared to only 4 percent in 2016. Physicians, veterinarians and dentists with a diploma or a bachelors degree. Coca is not to be confused with cocoa, which comes from cacao seeds and is used in making chocolate, cocoa, and cocoa butter. But even as the government is working to stem the problem of drugs, tobacco merchants have launched a movement attempting to legalize cannabis. Peer pressure also plays a part, with 36.6 percent using drugs for social acceptance, while 29 percent doing so because others dare them to. What is the legal framework defining these localization rules and policies? Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) is the source for the natural and semisynthetic narcotics. 1. Amr Othman, head of theFund for Drug Control and Treatment, a state agency authorized tocombatand treatdrug addiction, saidsyntheticdrugs are most popular among youths aged 15-17 andrepresent 3.4% of alldrugspopular in Egypt.

Moreover, Article 7 provided that the narcotic drugs may not be traded except after obtaining a license from the competent administrative authority in each of the two regions. 0000013093 00000 n Possession of a small amount of cannabis, for example, leads to a shorter prison sentence whereas heroin and cocaine lead to longer sentence.

Hashish is the resinous exudate of the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). 0000009576 00000 n driven curation of top business stories accross 12 industries in the region. These categories include many drugs legally produced and prescribed by doctors as well as those illegally produced and sold outside of medical channels. Wali, the Minister of Social Solidarity, said the strategy emphasized geographical expansion to all governorates, having already expanded from 10 centers to 21 drug treatment centers. Egypt has a growing drug problem that officials are struggling to stem. Drinking alcohol in the street and anywhere other than a licensed restaurant or bar is not allowed and can lead to arrest. A study last year by Egypts Fund for Drug Control and Treatment showed that of the 10 percent of Egyptians who take drugs, 27.5 percent are female and 24 percent are drivers who rely on drugs to stay awake longer. See Travelling during Ramadan. 0000004959 00000 n Physicians assigned by hospitals, clinics and dispensaries without pharmacists. In 2022, the holy month of Ramadan is expected to start in April and conclude in May. xref Weekly A.I. It's illegal only if you have it with the chemical called ketamine, which is deadly. Drug trafficking is punishable by death.

As per Article 4 of the said Law, the authorization of the drugs referred to above may be granted only to the following persons: The competent administrative authority may refuse the request for permission or reduce the required quantity. Drugs are any chemical substances that effect a physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral change in an individual. Methaqualone is a pharmaceutical depressant, referred to as mandrax in Southwest Asia and Africa. Unlike all the drugs mentioned in Table No. These drugs have adverse health effects on the heart and blood pressureand cause deadly[seizures]. No, Medicinal Cannabis is not authorized in Egypt, however, they are regulated by Law No. They can also lead to kidney failure.. 0000003560 00000 n 0000001484 00000 n Yes, as there is an Authority Central Directorate for Research and Health Development, which is responsible for the registration and approvals, An insight into regulatory, pricing, and reimbursement of drugs in Egypt.